Wednesday, December 27, 2006

The Missing 'B' in Bschools

This column was published in Businessworld, issue dt 18 Dec 2006

The Missing 'B' in Bschools
by Rashmi Bansal

You have heard of The Monk Who Sold His Ferrari but what about the monk with an MBA? Eighteen monks from the Jade Buddha temple recently graduated from Shanghai’s Jiao Tong University’s Antai College of Economics and Management. They completed a six-month programme in ‘temple management’, which included subjects ranging from religious philosophy to managing temple finances and marketing religious products.

The results are quite evident. The temple now boasts of a ‘logo’, more shops and even a seminar series on Buddhism run by the head abbot. The seminar cost — $25,000 for a small group — is positioned as a ‘donation for enhancing one’s achievements and morality’.

The Antai programme is being seen as a success. Monks from 28 other temples in Shanghai are expected to attend in the near future. Are there questions about mixing the spiritual with the temporal? Well, yes. But the practical view prevails. “Many think that monks should just take care of the temple and have little contact with the outside world. But the reality is they must manage the temple and deal with money,” said Wang Fanghua, dean, Antai College, to Businessweek.

So, what next? Similar programmes for pundits, priests and imams? Well, maybe, but that is not the crux of this column. Whether you wish to treat a religious body as a ‘business’ is another debate altogether. What’s interesting is, here is a B-school programme which is helping folks to be more efficient in their current place of work, which is not necessarily a ‘corporate’. This is an extremely large segment, practically ignored by Indian B-schools.

Yes, of late, several B-schools have started ‘family business’ or FMB programmes. These courses take in students from family business backgrounds and expose them to modern management techniques and thinking processes. FMB programmes are structured differently from traditional MBAs, but they are two-year courses and suitable for younger members of medium to large family-owned enterprises. The heirs to the throne, so to speak.

NMIMS, Welingkar and Nirma Institute of Management’s FMB programmes fall under this category. SP Jain’s programme — the oldest one around — is slightly different. Here the students are actually expected to work alongside their studies. Classes are held for one week each month; and the rest are spent applying the acquired concepts to their business.

That is a great model, but it caters only to a fraction of a large potential market. While there are dozens of short-term certificates and diplomas for working executives, there are no such programmes for those who operate small businesses. Just like those monks, there are hundreds of owners of shops, trades and manufacturing units who could benefit, especially from fundas on marketing and accounting. Who doesn’t want to attract more customers, or benefit from better bookkeeping?

Of course, such courses need a different approach. As with the Jade Buddha temple, evidence of how the course actually helps you expand your business would be crucial. Less theory, more practice, an understanding of the problems facing small businesses, including addressing lack of confidence in the entrepreneur.

There are several reasons we won’t see such course anytime soon. We have no professors equipped to teach it. Most would consider it beneath their dignity, and none would be able to teach in any language other than English. It is not their fault, of course.

The MBA market here is modelled along global lines. The word ‘business’ in MBA is a misnomer. The programme is, perhaps, Masters in ‘Improvement of Personal Job Prospects’. The corporate giants who recruit don’t care what the student has learnt. Just that he should have the ability to learn it. And this suits B-schools perfectly. They can continue to think of the MBA programme as an art, and a science. That practical stuff? It is none of their business!

Note: Given the 700 word limit there were several points I could not dwell on in more detail. Here are some of those thought trails...

a) Our bschools and media (including business newspapers/ magazines) are obsessed with large business houses and multinationals. Whereas so much of what constitutes 'business' is happening in the informal sector, and at the level of individual entrepreneurs.

I think this segment should be covered in the media - as well as tracked/ studied by b schools.

b) Why are quality bschool education/ short term courses available only in English? That shuts out so many potential students. Unlike technical fields, like say engineering, a strong case can be made for teaching business management in regional languages. I can have a flourishing business as a Gujarati speaker who knows kaam chalau or even no English at all.

I guess this is really a problem of our education system as a whole, the obsession with teaching practically all professional courses only in English.

c) Of course, one may argue that concepts taught in an MBA are irrelevant to those with native business acumen. That in fact there is much that we b schoolers can learn from them.

I think at least one course which focuses on the traditional business communities of our country, the way in which they operate, advantages and disadvantages of traditional practices etc should be included in b school curriculum.

d) Lastly, family business MBA is a concept on which I really need to devote an entire column. One of these days, I shall...!

43 comments:

  1. 1st time here. great blog u hav got. a family business MBA column wud be definitely interesting. and yes i agree with the idea that monks hav to manage the finances of the religious organisation. like in the west the church is the most powerful organisation- be it socially, sometimes money wise and politically too. they r t be reckoned with.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Anonymous6:48 PM

    Hi Rashmi,
    While I am a big fan of your blog, I am also a well-wisher. I request you to move away from posting so many articles on MBA. It really has saturated the market and you can do well not to dwell on it anymore. It is quite clear that this blog is not meant for commercial reasons and hence you have the chance to initiate articles on a variety of topics. Why not talk about getting more students into Archaeology, or Bio-Chemistry, or any other field. By writing so many articles in MBA, you are indirectly encouraging the mindset that if you dont have an MBA, you are nothing. Let us move away from this trend. Please take this as a sincere comment from a friend. Your JAM magazine could do just as well, if you take up the initiative to show today's youngsters what other fields are available than the usual MBA, Engg, Medicine. It is precisely for these reasons that we being a country with such an immense history going back thousands of years, have not one college, university department that is world famous in the field of archaeology. Can private magazine editors like you change this? Take it as a challenge and see how the response from the country is. I will be glad to see a shift of focus from this mind-numbing trend of MBAs and engineers and move towards other fields which are much more fulfilling as a career option. Hope you can do something about this.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Anonymous8:12 PM

    Rashmi -- Good questions. Is it our inability to identify and experiment with niche markets that causes us to overlook such possibilities? Until of course, one innovator succeeds, after which everybody will jump in! Having experienced "corporate" culture for several years, I can tell you how difficult it is for most established business houses to move away from the trodden path. I can imagine that the b-schools are no different when it comes to their decision making.

    The focus, most of the time, is on the top of the population pyramid -- which makes the Indian market size appear very small compared to international benchmarks. The Indian market is indeed relatively small given our lower GDP / capita. Addressing them requires dollops of innovation and large doses of business model re-engineering. Only those with entrepreneural drive can do this, and our system is higly skewed against such drive.

    ReplyDelete
  4. Anonymous8:20 PM

    v interesting issue for sure. i for one, would like well known institutes, teach mngt. to small , under privileged entreprenuers (like self-help societies which manufacture handicrafts, foods stuffs etc).

    why do institutes only limit themselved to family owned businesses? beecause there is potential to generate revenue, i guess.

    but well known institutes like IIM's and other 'A' grade institutes really ought to do something to help more 'underprivileged' entrepreneurs.

    ReplyDelete
  5. Anonymous8:29 PM

    You make an excellent point about nonavailability of non-English MBA programs. But isn't that true of all higher education institutions/programs in India?

    ReplyDelete
  6. nice blog n gr88 views!!!!!

    ReplyDelete
  7. Anonymous5:25 AM

    Rashmi,

    Have been a follower of your blog for long ago, time I commented!

    I attribute (b) because of (a). If we start looking at the big picture, instead of narrowing our mindsets to the usual 'Corporate' scenarios and practices, we can look at reforming or educating the vertical by including them into the frame.

    Also as a current MBA student, I feel that a typical Indian MBA involves quite a lot of subjects overloading the students, eventually resulting in marginal retention levels at the end of the course. Say for eg GIM has bout 21 core subjects in the span of 3 trimesters, apart from having another set of them for the specilisation year.

    Whereas most foreign MBA's have limited core and elective subjects covering the desired need for a business acumen, as you mentioned(By no means I am trying to compare the two, just a point).

    Also I would love to read your thoughts on (d) family business MBA.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Anonymous5:05 PM

    Its my strong feeling that the degree should be renamed as Master of Management, as they dont't teach you Business but Management.

    ReplyDelete
  9. family business management programs were the beginning point... then came programs for armed service personnel... and then the recent one... from ur alma mater .... the program for public servants and policy makers... guess the administrators and educators at bschools are slowly waking up to the opportunity (led, for the moment, by IIMA). also true is that the pace at which they're waking up isnt anywhere close to what the current environment requires... but then considering that most of the better bschools are either in public domain, or due to years of 'successful practise', have gathered a bureaucratic inertia against change.
    at the other end, if you look at the 'emerging' bschools category, as against the established ones, they are too busy targetting the big chunk of wide-eyed, sky-high-salary-seeking, just-outta-college (or 2 years in IT firm) people who prefer a core MBA rather than go for the (relative) niches that you've pointed out.

    ReplyDelete
  10. what attracted me more than the main piece, in your post, was the point (b) of post script.

    and please take note, this discrimination against vernacular languages (and hindi) exists not just in our business education but practically in all higher educational institutes (IITs, AIIMS, MAMC, CMC, NITs, DU, MU, CU, ....)

    and i'm not sure how much off the mark i am when i say this... this discrimination (based on language), is, cumulatively, a bigger entry barrier to students from weaker backgrounds than descrimination based on caste, class, religion or region..... i might be wrong here.. but not by long!

    ReplyDelete
  11. a few comments on your additional thoughts:

    (a) magazines and B schools are not focussing out side bigger mncs and domains because they dont see a demand and market their. unless atleast one Bschool and media house takes a chance and enters that segment there will be little development on that front.

    (b) Courses do not exist in other languages because again the vendors(institutes or booksellers) etc. dont seem to be ready to gear up and take chance of entring the unexplored market. Once at least someone takes a chance there like if a bookseller converts lots of bestsellers into reginal languages and starts selling them in places where english is not common and makes big bucks their definitely will be a spurt in that segment.

    (c) i continue to beleive that MBA can teach management and hence only enhance certain skills but at the end of the day it can not teach u some skills.
    (i) It cannot teach you to become a risk taker for business but it can definitely teach you the rationality of evaluating risks and tradeoffs.
    (ii) It cannot teach you how to identufy the best people for your business, but it can teach you how to try retaining them.

    (d) FBMs programs exist because often easy for already business running individuals to afford such programs where as it might not be just that easy for small business man to afford these programs and so bschools dont get to smaller entrepreneurs.

    ReplyDelete
  12. Hi rashmi, apart from these family business programs our "B" schools need to put an emphasis on more practical application. This is not just true for the "B" schools, our technology institutes also need to give more practical exposure. I would give an example to support my view.

    We recently had an IIT banda( mech engg) in our plant with brilliant acad record. But ever-since his appointment as the manager the plants' efficiency continously dipped. He attained every breakdown personally but still the stoppage time increased. The problem being despite his very good theoritical concept he could not correlate it to the shop floor mechanics. He had to consult some experienced employees at every "new" problem. The simple reason being everything he sees at first hand in the mill gives him a shock.

    What is going to be the future of such engg n mamnagement sutdents. They have a very rosy picture about work places. The moment they enter the place they are bewildered. They dream of making it to big companies and even do so. But with constant setbacks and the ever increasing pressure to perform they succumb. They begin at a very high note but after3-4 years they disappear in the dark.

    The technology and management institutes in India need to revise their curriculum to protect the so called 'future' leaders.

    ReplyDelete
  13. Anonymous10:49 PM

    Firstly, [it was a good post, yes :-)] I'm annoyed by the fact that you were not able to include the concluding suggestions in the main story, due to (blocking the smoke oozing from my ears)..WORD LIMIT.

    I've noticed this happen with every good discussion. Even on CNN-IBN, the discussion reaches a crescendo and then they say.."we're running short of time.so.."

    But coming to the main idea of the post. Yes, the mainstream media is indeed obsessed with big business houses and success stories from the hinterland are just confined to a 'Special Feature'..

    About MBA programmes in regional languages, don't you think such business families are too obsessed with getting down to business, rather than continue with studies? I myself have come across several Gujarati families who want their Junior college sons to get done with their HSC exams so they can land into business straight away!

    ReplyDelete
  14. Why shouldn't anyone who chooses religion as a way of life not have a modern education too. Unfortunatly the ability to handle, money and negotiate business transaction, can clealy help their cause and the people who are part of it. In the UK, the Church is both rich and poor. So much support, but so little return, because of insufficient business experience.
    You tend not to choose your vicar based on his or her education, but for what they contribute to their community. But far more could be achieved if that person also has business and money management skills.
    ICS | RAC

    ReplyDelete
  15. Anonymous2:17 PM

    Hi Rashmi,
    Earlier you had written about requirements you had for people who would write for JAM.

    Please checkout my blog at http://subu-ki-kahani.blogspot.com

    Thanks and Regards,
    Subu

    ReplyDelete
  16. Hi,I read this article in BW.I beg to differ with you on the issue of relating management of temples to that of industries.A industry is an entity with a huge number of resources.Managing them is not an easy task and therefore there are depts like production management,materials management etc.But can u extend the same to Indian temples which dont have too many resources to manage?

    ReplyDelete
  17. HAPPY NEW YEAR TO RASHMI, AND VISITORS OF YOUTHCURRY.

    ReplyDelete
  18. Real life teaches you better than any school or college. A person can learn anything he or she is really interested in.

    ReplyDelete
  19. with ref to ur para.
    "Why are quality bschool education/ short term courses available only in English?"
    here i do not want to critize english language but it has only kept knowledge unaccessible to major of indian population. we expect india to learn english first and then onlt they get to know. in recent decade we managed to set thing such that, a indian without english knowledge are considered at lower strata. a whole generation of youth have got sense of inferiority. a student in small town with post graduation in science feel no better than matric student of delhi.
    though my own experience i feel that what we need is to build confidence among youth and respect to language they speak.
    English is language of buisness that definetly has advantage in globlized world but that alone could not help.
    so knowledge need to be spread in language people are closer to. i agree with u, a course not just management but of anything in regional language will be hit if launched.
    wishes
    happy new year

    ReplyDelete
  20. In one statement you say -
    Why are quality bschool education/ short term courses available only in English?

    in another para you say:
    The word ‘business’ in MBA is a misnomer. The programme is, perhaps, Masters in ‘Improvement of Personal Job Prospects’. The corporate giants who recruit don’t care what the student has learnt. Just that he should have the ability to learn it. And this suits B-schools perfectly. They can continue to think of the MBA programme as an art, and a science. That practical stuff? It is none of their business!
    thereby implying that anyway whatever is taught in IIM's etc is crap and it is the student that matters.

    So where is this quality bschool education when one statement of yours actually says that what is taught in the top bschools does not matter. It seems inherently contradictory. If what is taught does not matter, then how do you judge the quality of the education for something which does not matter and which nobody cares about and make a statement that quality is there only in english medium?

    ReplyDelete
  21. Anonymous5:48 PM

    HI i like ur blog

    ReplyDelete
  22. Hi

    I think joseph stiglitz has a nice instance to support his next probable book.... Globalisation of Religion :)

    Jay

    ReplyDelete
  23. Anonymous12:11 AM

    Ya...FAmily businness desrves entire column..
    Nice post!

    It was an honour reading ur blog...When I read the entire post I tought..mmm I ve heard or read this name somwhere...gosh u r Rashmi bansal..oh man...JAm magazine..
    I love it!!

    Please keep it up!

    ReplyDelete
  24. Anonymous12:28 PM

    Hi Rashmi

    Indian B Schools, as rightly pointed out in your post, churn out managers mostly for corporate bigwigs. Entrepreneurs and Small Businesses which need equally good managers were considered small fish. With the advent of some incubators, there's been some welcome change. However, its a small beginning. I strongly believe that Management principles can be applied to any domain, regardless of the profitability or seemingly non-business like environment. An MBA degree is seen as a ticket to a fat paycheck and a plush job at an MNC. It's time we realise that the skills of a would-be manager can be moulded by a B-school experience. Entrepreneurs are dreamers. However, good managerial skills–acquired through years of experience or through formal education, is what sets them apart from mere day-dreamers. Management course can be a facilitator for administrators, doctors, budding writers etc. Management and money making needn't always be seen together.

    Regards,
    Shashank

    ReplyDelete
  25. Anonymous12:15 AM

    I really like your blog- have to check on it more often. If you are interested in Live Chat solutions for business search for LIVECHAT ContactCenter.

    ReplyDelete
  26. WEll professional god keeping. Packaged spiritualism. What to expect next? A bowl extended from the sky by a UFO claiming to be GOd, begging for alms?

    http://www.tekno-world.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  27. Anonymous8:52 PM

    hey there....nice read man....

    but tell isnt all these bullshit....y wud any temple or monastery need efficiency???
    its not a production house right??

    ReplyDelete
  28. Anonymous8:27 PM

    agree with all but one..
    that about why english..
    most of India's small businesses have the potential to become world beating companies but because they are hesitant much because of the lack of international language, they don't push hard enough.
    English only principle will make them to some extent learn the language and enable them to stand in the international arena

    ReplyDelete
  29. Anonymous2:59 PM

    hi...read ur blog for the first time & liked it! will keep cmng bak for more!!

    ReplyDelete
  30. Anonymous9:49 PM

    Hi Rashmi...Happy New Year!...again an incredible article..monks may need a bit of management skills as well.Although management is a part of everyday life and may not be necessarily learnt in a B-School.A B-School sharpens the existing management skills which may be dormant or may not have been utilised to the fullest.By the way I enjoy reading your blog,although i m posting a comment for the first time as i was not on blogger before.Keep writing!!

    ReplyDelete
  31. Anonymous1:18 AM

    First time i found something interesting in your posts, otherwise it is just blah blah blah and over,

    Cheers Rashmi
    i shall keep your next post now, since you have come up with a home run after all this.

    ReplyDelete
  32. Anonymous10:13 PM

    Hey Rashmi,

    Many days and no new post. Eagerly waiting for new post.

    The-Ignorant
    Blogs at - http://theignorant.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  33. i think business and religion should stay different

    ReplyDelete
  34. i might be interested in freelancing opportunity . write your im id if you are interested in further communication regarding this .leave a comment on my blog for further communication

    ReplyDelete
  35. Anonymous3:26 PM

    Hey Rashmi,
    I was just going through your posts, i found this one quite interesting despite of people saying that you are saturating it with MBA related articles.

    Riya
    Indimoto.com/blog

    ReplyDelete
  36. Anonymous2:00 PM

    I'm 39 and am doing a Executive MBA course now. I feel

    (a) The young guys who are my class mates do not have the required work experience to fully appreciate the course

    (b) There is nothing in the content to explore the entrepreneurship talents of the participants. Guess there are Institutes on Entrepreneurship (EDI), but could it not be the part of a regular MBA?

    Yet to see a better and complete blogger than you, Rashmi.

    ReplyDelete
  37. 减速机 齿轮减速机 SEW减速机 摆线针轮减速机 蜗轮蜗杆减速机 interlining
    明星代言 明星经纪公司
    制动单元 铝壳电阻
    modern abstract art sofa manufacturer
    净水器 开水器 净水机 净水 软水机 软水 直饮机 家用净水 家用净水器 家用净水机 中央净水 中央净水器 水家装 水家电 水卫士 混合机
    过滤机 DHL快递 俄罗斯签证 回转支承 Laser marking
    保险箱 法兰 法兰标准
    polycarbonate sheet 回流焊 波峰焊
    压球机 注册上海公司 儿童摄影
    牛皮癣 皮肤病 制氮机
    食堂售餐机 校园一卡通
    学校一卡通 ic卡售饭机
    食堂售饭机 深圳一卡通
    广东售饭机 机电设备安装
    北京发票 代开发票
    餐饮发票 住宿发票
    广告发票
    网络电话 免费网络电话
    假发 补发
    织发 植发
    压滤机 板框压滤机
    蒸馏水机 纯蒸气发生器
    上海搬家公司 上海搬场公司
    大众搬家 大众搬场
    张家界旅游 香港旅游
    深圳旅行社 打包机
    收缩机 对讲机 电源模块
    血管栓塞剂
    售饭机 水控机 水控器
    萎缩性胃炎 neoprene laptop bags
    SEO优化
    SEO优化 计量泵
    胃炎 胃病
    冷水机 冰水机
    工业冷水机
    北京特价机票 北京打折计票 北京国际机票
    北京机票预定 北京飞机票
    北京订机票 北京机票查询 饮料机械
    银杏 水培花卉 企业宣传片 空分设备
    化工泵 离心机
    电话交换机 程控交换机 集团电话 集装袋
    混合机 混合机
    混合机捏合机 捏合机
    捏合机导热油炉 导热油炉
    导热油炉 反应釜 反应釜
    反应釜 spherical roller bearing
    搬运车 搬运车 电动搬运车 油桶搬运车 堆高车 电动堆高车 半电动堆高车 堆垛车
    高空作业平台车 电动叉车 平衡重叉车 前移叉车 电瓶叉车
    韩国饰品批发 模块电源
    X架 超薄灯箱> 易拉宝 展柜制作
    代理服务器 游戏加速器 网络加速器
    网通加速器 电信加速器 电信网通转换器
    电信网通加速器 网通电信互转
    网通电信互通 网络游戏加速器
    美国VPN代理 美国独享VPN 美国独享IP
    pvc ceiling panel Spherical roller bearings
    SEO优化
    安全鞋 劳保鞋 防砸鞋 电绝缘鞋 上海安全鞋 上海劳保鞋 江苏劳保鞋
    服装软件 服装管理软件 进销存软件
    进销存管理软件 服装管理系统 服装进销存软件
    进销存系统 进销存管理系统 免费进销存软件
    吉林中医 东北特产
    打包机
    阳痿 阴茎短小 阴茎增大
    早泄 前列腺炎 阴茎增粗 阴茎延长
    国际机票 上海国际机票
    国际特价机票 国际打折机票
    砂磨机 砂磨机
    砂磨机 卧式砂磨机
    卧式砂磨机 卧式砂磨机
    三辊研磨机 三辊研磨机
    三辊研磨机 混合机 混合机
    混合机 锥形混合机 锥形混合机 锥形混合机 行星动力混合机 行星动力混合机 行星动力混合机 无重力混合机 无重力混合机 无重力混合机
    干粉砂浆设备 干粉砂浆设备
    干粉砂浆设备 捏合机 捏合机 捏合机 导热油炉 导热油炉 导热油炉 反应釜 反应釜 反应釜 搪玻璃反应釜 搪玻璃反应釜 搪玻璃反应釜
    乳化机 涂料设备 干混砂浆设备 无重力混合机 胶体磨 涂料成套设备 双螺旋混合机
    北京婚庆 北京婚庆公司
    400电话
    办证 呼吸机 制氧机
    亚都 亚都加湿器 亚都净化器
    亚都装修卫士
    饰品批发 小饰品批发 韩国饰品 韩国饰品批发 premature ejaculation penis enlargement
    安利产品 马来西亚留学
    网站优化 网站推广
    衬布
    代写论文
    代写论文
    论文代写 代写论文
    磁力泵
    离心泵
    化工泵
    隔膜泵
    螺杆泵
    潜水泵
    油泵
    耐腐蚀泵
    水泵
    拖链 防护罩 排屑机 塑料拖链 钢铝拖链
    化工离心泵
    计量加油泵
    自吸式离心泵
    管道油泵
    自吸式排污泵
    潜水排污泵
    自吸式磁力泵
    耐高温磁力泵
    不锈钢多级离心泵
    多级离心泵
    耐腐蚀自吸泵
    自吸化工泵
    玻璃钢液下泵
    液下式排污泵
    卧式离心清水泵
    氟塑料磁力泵
    磁力驱动循环泵
    耐腐蚀污水泵
    卧式化工离心泵
    玻璃钢耐酸泵
    防爆管道油泵
    不锈钢多级泵
    立式多级离心泵
    塑料磁力泵
    水泵厂
    手摇油泵
    上海水泵厂
    上海水泵
    离心泵厂家
    热水泵
    清水泵
    气动隔膜泵
    深圳装饰 深圳装饰公司 深圳装修公司
    特价机票 打折机票 国际机票
    机票
    新风换气机 换气机 立式新风换气机 风机箱 新风系统 能量回收机
    搅拌机 混合机 乳化机
    分散机
    毛刷 毛刷辊 工业毛刷 刷子 钢丝刷
    涂层测厚仪 硬度计
    兆欧表 激光测距仪
    测振仪 转速表
    温湿度计 风速仪
    超声波测厚仪
    粗糙度仪
    噪音计 红外测温仪
    万用表
    硬度计 万用表
    美容院 美容加盟
    澳洲留学 澳大利亚留学
    什么是法兰
    电烤箱
    酒店预定 北京酒店预定 北京酒店
    离心机
    nail equipment nail products nail product nail uv lamp nail uv lamp nail uv lamps uv nail lamp nail brush
    nail file nail tool nail tip nail gel curing uv lamps lights
    万用表 风速仪
    红外测温仪 噪音计
    苗木价格 苗木信息 标牌制作 深圳标牌 北京儿童摄影 防静电鞋 淘宝刷信誉
    威海凤凰湖 威海海景房 大庆密封件
    打标机 淘宝刷信誉 TESOL/TEFL国际英语教师证书 英语教师进修及培训 北京快递公司 北京国际快递

    ReplyDelete
  38. 及时快捷为人类的交流创造更宽松的环境。跨世纪的服务历程,已为多家企业提供过翻译帮助,翻译公司译佰翻译公司能提供同传深圳德语翻译深圳俄语翻译深圳韩语翻译等数种同传语言,培养一批商务口译积累了丰富的经验,我们期待能为更多的企业服务。、上海翻译公司,东莞翻译公司质美价优、是我们的服务宗旨。同声传译让每一位客户满意是我们服务的标准。
    同声传译设备能提供从专业同传设备安装租售业务等一整

    套国际会议同传服务,深圳翻译公司,专业深圳英语翻译 深圳日语翻译深圳法语翻译
    全球一体化进程现正加速同声传译,同声传译设备,业的翻译公司,知名深圳翻译公司中国已加入世贸,语言不应成为国人与世界交流的障碍,同声传译我们致力于消除这一屏障,
    翻译准确、广州翻译公司

    ReplyDelete
  39. ^^ nice blog!! ^@^

    徵信, 徵信網, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信社, 感情挽回, 婚姻挽回, 挽回婚姻, 挽回感情, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信, 捉姦, 徵信公司, 通姦, 通姦罪, 抓姦, 抓猴, 捉猴, 捉姦, 監聽, 調查跟蹤, 反跟蹤, 外遇問題, 徵信, 捉姦, 女人徵信, 女子徵信, 外遇問題, 女子徵信, 徵信社, 外遇, 徵信公司, 徵信網, 外遇蒐證, 抓姦, 抓猴, 捉猴, 調查跟蹤, 反跟蹤, 感情挽回, 挽回感情, 婚姻挽回, 挽回婚姻, 外遇沖開, 抓姦, 女子徵信, 外遇蒐證, 外遇, 通姦, 通姦罪, 贍養費, 徵信, 徵信社, 抓姦, 徵信, 徵信公司, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信公司, 徵信社, 徵信公司, 女人徵信, 外遇

    徵信, 徵信網, 徵信社, 徵信網, 外遇, 徵信, 徵信社, 抓姦, 徵信, 女人徵信, 徵信社, 女人徵信社, 外遇, 抓姦, 徵信公司, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信社, 女人徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 女子徵信社, 女子徵信社, 女子徵信社, 女子徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信,

    徵信, 徵信社,徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 外遇, 抓姦, 離婚, 外遇,離婚,

    徵信, 外遇, 離婚, 徵信社, 徵信, 外遇, 抓姦, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 外遇, 徵信社, 徵信, 外遇, 抓姦, 徵信社, 征信, 征信, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 征信, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信社, 徵信, 外遇, 抓姦, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信, 徵信社, 徵信,

    ReplyDelete
  40. 看房子,買房子,建商自售,自售,台北新成屋,台北豪宅,新成屋,豪宅,美髮儀器,美髮,儀器,髮型,EMBA,MBA,學位,EMBA,專業認證,認證課程,博士學位,DBA,PHD,在職進修,碩士學位,推廣教育,DBA,進修課程,碩士學位,網路廣告,關鍵字廣告,關鍵字,課程介紹,學分班,文憑,牛樟芝,段木,牛樟菇,日式料理, 台北居酒屋,日本料理,結婚,婚宴場地,推車飲茶,港式點心,尾牙春酒,台北住宿,國內訂房,台北HOTEL,台北婚宴,飯店優惠,台北結婚,場地,住宿,訂房,HOTEL,飯店,造型系列,學位,SEO,婚宴,捷運,學區,美髮,儀器,髮型,看房子,買房子,建商自售,自售,房子,捷運,學區,台北新成屋,台北豪宅,新成屋,豪宅,學位,碩士學位,進修,在職進修, 課程,教育,學位,證照,mba,文憑,學分班,台北住宿,國內訂房,台北HOTEL,台北婚宴,飯店優惠,住宿,訂房,HOTEL,飯店,婚宴,台北住宿,國內訂房,台北HOTEL,台北婚宴,飯店優惠,住宿,訂房,HOTEL,飯店,婚宴,台北住宿,國內訂房,台北HOTEL,台北婚宴,飯店優惠,住宿,訂房,HOTEL,飯店,婚宴,結婚,婚宴場地,推車飲茶,港式點心,尾牙春酒,台北結婚,場地,結婚,場地,推車飲茶,港式點心,尾牙春酒,台北結婚,婚宴場地,結婚,婚宴場地,推車飲茶,港式點心,尾牙春酒,台北結婚,場地,居酒屋,燒烤,美髮,儀器,髮型,美髮,儀器,髮型,美髮,儀器,髮型,美髮,儀器,髮型,小套房,小套房,進修,在職進修,留學,證照,MBA,EMBA,留學,MBA,EMBA,留學,進修,在職進修,牛樟芝,段木,牛樟菇,關鍵字排名,網路行銷,关键词排名,网络营销,網路行銷,關鍵字排名,关键词排名,网络营销,PMP,在職專班,研究所在職專班,碩士在職專班,PMP,證照,在職專班,研究所在職專班,碩士在職專班,SEO,廣告,關鍵字,關鍵字排名,網路行銷,網頁設計,網站設計,網站排名,搜尋引擎,網路廣告,SEO,廣告,關鍵字,關鍵字排名,網路行銷,網頁設計,網站設計,網站排名,搜尋引擎,網路廣告,SEO,廣告,關鍵字,關鍵字排名,網路行銷,網頁設計,網站設計,網站排名,搜尋引擎,網路廣告,SEO,廣告,關鍵字,關鍵字排名,網路行銷,網頁設計,網站設計,網站排名,搜尋引擎,網路廣告,EMBA,MBA,PMP
    ,在職進修,專案管理,出國留學,EMBA,MBA,PMP
    ,在職進修,專案管理,出國留學,EMBA,MBA,PMP,在職進修,專案管理,出國留學,婚宴,婚宴,婚宴,婚宴,漢高資訊,漢高資訊,比利時,比利時聯合商學院

    住宿,民宿,飯宿,住宿,民宿,美容,美髮,整形,造型,美容,室內設計,室內設計,室內設計,室內設計,室內設計,漢高資訊,在職進修,漢高資訊,在職進修,漢高資訊,在職進修,漢高資訊,在職進修,漢高資訊,在職進修,住宿,民宿,飯店,旅遊,美容,美髮,整形,造型,設計,室內設計,裝潢,房地產,進修,在職進修,MBA,EMBA,羅志祥,周杰倫,五月天,蔡依林,林志玲,羅志祥,周杰倫,五月天,蔡依林,林志玲,羅志祥,羅志祥,周杰倫,五月天,蔡依林,住宿,民宿,飯宿,旅遊,住宿,民宿,飯宿,旅遊,美髮,整形,造型,美容,美髮,整形,造型,設計,室內設計,裝潢,房地產,設計,室內設計,裝潢,房地產,比利時聯合商學院,在職進修,MBA,EMBA,比利時聯合商學院,在職進修,MBA,EMBA,漢高資訊

    ReplyDelete
  41. 可抗力深圳翻译公司件”深圳俄语翻译深圳韩语翻译是指不能预见、放大上海翻译公司这将导致惠州翻译公司不能避免并不能克服表决器出租,表决器销售 租赁表决器各种货币 德语翻译风险偏好。商务口译的任何客观事件。绪同声传译设备租赁,是会议设备租赁深圳手机号码,深圳手机靓号,有的用户同传设备出租会议同传系统租赁选择在线翻译会议设备租赁如发生不可抗力致使一方无法会议设备租赁履行全部或部分其在本协议项下的义务,该方可被免除不可抗力范围内的义务,但法律另有规定的除外。翻译公司,升温东莞翻译公司受不可抗广州翻译公司力影响的同声传译一方可暂停履行其在本协议下的义务,但暂停的范围及时间期限应以不可抗力的影响为限,不影响对方解除协议的权力,广州同声传译,料就在昨日下午稍晚法语翻译时间,同传设备已经说明一切。是。同声传译,凡购深圳同声传译翻译部汕头翻译公司署促进房地产市场珠海翻译公司健康发展措施出台,深圳翻译.深圳英语翻译 ,无需中山翻译公司界面和复杂的操作功能深圳日语翻译,中国移动后台词库广州翻译公司地产的阴霾情中美利差的,。同声传译设备租赁存在,。新疆租车, ,代理人广州翻译公司介绍说,北京翻译公司也目前上海多条航线,,“上海飞北京广州翻译公司,,并不好同声传译设备租赁,但通过法语翻译价格联盟,每条航线上同声传译有一家航空公司挑头同声传译后,其他航空公司也只能提供同等价格的较高折扣。
    用。

    ReplyDelete

Disqus for Youth Curry - Insight on Indian Youth